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Specular Lighting Formula

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It turned out that my specular lighting formula was off, and since I still needed to look further into it, I decided to come up with my own.


So, here's the result:




Now, to add diffuse lighting to that, one must do:


'c = c * ((N•L)+((L•R)*(C•O))1/S)


Where c is a material color, N is the surface normal vector, L is the light vector, C is the eye view vector, O is the vector from the eye to the point, R is O reflected on N and S is the shininess of the material.


Now, after all this mathematical gibberish, here's how it's applied in HLSL:


float4x4 matWorldViewProj : WORLDVIEWPROJECTION;
float4 pointLights[8];
float4 cameraPos, cameraLookAt;
int pointLightCount;

struct VS_Out {
float4 position: POSITION;
float4 normal: NORMAL;
float4 color: COLOR0;
struct VS_In {
float4 position: POSITION;
float4 normal: NORMAL;
float4 color: COLOR0;
struct PS_In {
float4 color: COLOR0;
float4 normal: NORMAL;
float4 pos: TEXCOORD0;

void VS( in VS_In In, out VS_Out Out ) {
Out.position = mul(In.position, matWorldViewProj);
Out.pos = In.position;
Out.normal = In.normal;

void PS(in PS_In In, out float4 outColor: COLOR0 ) {
float4 N = normalize(In.normal);
float4 L, R, C, O, curLight;
float4 specular, diffuse;
float S = 2;
outColor = 0;
for(int i=0; i<pointLightCount; i++) {
	L = normalize(pointLights[i]-In.pos);
	C = normalize(cameraLookAt-cameraPos);
	O = normalize(In.pos-cameraPos);
	R = reflect(O,N);

	diffuse = saturate(dot(N,L));
	specular = pow(saturate(dot(L,R))*saturate(dot(C,O)),1/S);

	outColor += (diffuse+specular);

technique Gamma
pass P0
	VertexShader = compile vs_3_0 VS();
	PixelShader  = compile ps_3_0 PS();


So far, it seems to be working really good. :huh: I made this all up myself, so I'm really glad that it works. :aware:


Pictures will come soon. :box:

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